Kick-boxing – a sport discipline (combat sport) in which you fight using both boxing punches and kicks. A sport that develops holistic physical skills such as strength, speed, endurance, flexibility and a sense of rhythm. In addition, it develops mental traits, e.g. stress control, self-esteem, and self-confidence.
Where does the name kick-boxing come from?
The word kick means "kick" or "kick" in English, boxing means "boxing". The majority of languages use the English name "kick-boxing" to describe all sports in which you mainly fight with kicks and boxing punches (in France the term boxe pieds-poings is used in this sense). However, this is a simplification, because martial arts such as Thai boxing, Chinese sanshou, savate, Burmese boxing, as well as some varieties of taekwondo (mainly ITF) and karate, despite the fact that they have a lot in common with kickboxing, and their representatives also compete in tournaments of this discipline are basically separate martial arts.
Sports competition takes place according to numerous regulations and formulas, among which can be distinguished, among others:
- full contact: all foot and boxing techniques above the belt are preferred, with a minimum number of 8 kicks during the round, if the player does not ask 8 kicks he loses 1 point; you must not kick your knee or hit the elbow; the fight takes place on the boxing ring, it usually lasts 3x2 min.
- low kick: all boxing techniques and kicks up to the head are allowed, there is no minimum number of kicks per minute, you must not kick your knee or hit the elbow; the fight takes place in the ring, it usually lasts 3x2 min.
- K-1: the formula introduced and popularized by the Japanese K-1 organization, all boxing techniques, rotary punching, kicks and knee punches, regardless of height, are allowed; do not hit the elbow; the fight takes place in the ring, it usually lasts 3x3 or 5x3 min.
- thai boxing: a relaxed version of traditional muay thai; all boxing techniques, rotating fists, kicks and knee blows, regardless of height, are also allowed, as well as throws, undercuts and clinching; do not hit the elbow; the fight takes place in the ring.
- semi contact: formula focused mainly on the speed of players; the fight is interrupted and scored after each clean hit of the opponent; limited impact force; the fight takes place on the tatami, exceptionally on the ring, it usually lasts 3x2 min.
- light contact: a form of continuous combat in which competitors must demonstrate technical skill; the fight takes place on the ring, dance floor or tatami, it usually lasts 3x2 min.
- light kick: a form of continuous fight with kicks from the thigh up and limited power of strokes; the fight takes place in the ring, dance floor.